The Neem Initiative
Preventing and Treating Malaria in the Third World -  NATURALLY and PERPETUALLY
Research and Information Sources
Books
Neem: The Ultimate Herb by John Conrick, Lotus Press, 2001
This is said to be the most comprehensive book available about Neem.
Book available on Amazon.com or Googlebooks.com

Neem – a Tree for Solving Global Problems
Said to be the earliest complete book on Neem in the U.S.
Available at Amazon or Googlebooks.com
Source: National Research Council, one of The National Academies, Washington DC, 1992 

Neem: India’s Miraculous Healing Plant by Ellen Norton, 1999
Collection of articles on Neem that discuss:
Neem is popular as a shade tree and source of fuel wood. 
Neem as a preferred tree along avenues, in markets and near homesteads.
In Sub-Saharan Africa Neem is used to halt the spread of the Sahara desert.
Neem wood is not only durable but also termite resistant and is used in developing countries to make fence posts, poles for house construction and furniture. 
Neem: Hands-on Guide to One of the World’s Most Versatile Herbs
Short compilation of studies and personal anecdotes about using Neem.
Source: Neem Tree Farms, Brandon FL, Edited by Sheila Sperber Haas, PhD.

Neem and Malaria in Uganda
The Neem Tree Gets High Level Praise in Uganda
Some bear witness that they used to get malaria every four months in the past until the Neem trees in their compound started growing. Some allege that the tree keeps mosquitoes at bay.  
Source: Run Journals, Bonn Germany, October, 2002

Current Status of Malaria in Uganda
“Uganda records an estimated 100,000 malaria related deaths per year with children being the majority,” said Minister of Health, Dr. Christine Ondoa.  “In terms of the burden to our health system, clinically diagnosed malaria is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality, accounting for approximately 30-50% of outpatient visits at health facilities, 15-20 of all hospital admissions, and 9-14% of all inpatient deaths. Malaria remains one of the greatest public health problems in Uganda," Ondoa said.
Source:  New Vision, Uganda May, 2013 

Malaria Vaccine Fails to Work after Four Years: Study in Uganda
This article shows the hope and disappointment of pharmaceutical-based solutions to solving the Malaria problem in Uganda. “A new vaccine that has raised hopes of becoming a potent new tool in the battle against malaria seems to stop working in children after four years, according to research published Wednesday.”  
Source:  New Vision, Uganda March 21, 2013 

Neem Tree Ubiquity in Africa
This article is a good survey of Neem’s ubiquity in Africa. Notice, however, that Uganda is not mentioned as a country where the tree is actively propogated.
“Neem was introduced to Eastern Africa during the 19th century by East Indian immigrants, who propagated the tree essentially for its medicinal properties. It is now widely cultivated in Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Benin, Niger, Nigeria, Togo, Cameroon, Chad, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique.”
Source: Infonet-Biovision, Kenya and Switzerland

Malaria Prophylaxis with Neem: Study from Makerere University 
Very surprising and interesting results are delivered by a study from Nigeria (C. Mghemena et al., J Amer Sc. 2010, 6:8, 503-506). The authors investigated the effect of methanol, ethanol and aqueous extracts of neem and lemon grass against plasmodium development. After treatment with these 6 different extracts the albino mice were left for eight days and then infected with P.berghei. The aqueous extract of Neem had by far the highest suppression (76.1%) 8 days after infection. 
Source: Malaria World blog by Pierre Lutgen and Patrick Owang Engeu at Makerere University, Uganda. http://www.malariaworld.org/blog/malaria-prophylaxis-neem



Neem in Niger
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